Krafla Crater and Lava Fields: The Source of Iceland’s Green Energy

Chapters

A large crater surrounded by mountains and a geothermal area, the Krafla crater is located near Lake Mývatn area. This incredible Icelandic landscape attracts travelers throughout the year. With a diameter of 10 kilometres, Krafla crater is situated along a 90 km long fissure zone in the north of Mývatn. Krafla Caldera is a part of a deep volcanic system that is known to be one of the most explosive volcanoes of Iceland. Being highly explosive, this volcanic crater erupted 29 times since Iceland was settled. These still-warm lava fields of Krafla, swarming with lava flows, fissures and gullies are home to many geological wonders. Hverir, a geothermal area of steam vents and boiling mud pool and the steamy Leirhnjukur lies in the Krafla volcano field. The famous Víti crater that is known for green lake within it is located in the Krafla fissure zone.

Krafla crater in north Iceland

Places To Explore Around Krafla

With an impressive height of 818 meters, the Krafla crater looks huge. The western side of the crater is rich with fumaroles and solfataras. You will find the colorful Leirhnjúkur peak on the west of Krafla. The 523-meters tall Leirhnjúkur peak is surrounded by mud pots and fumaroles. The surrounding lava field of Leirhnjúkur is an impressive landscape to behold. The black, rocky, and ominous-looking terrain captures the attention of visitors. While exploring North Iceland, you can visit Víti crater that is 300 meters in diameter and filled with water. The peculiar green lake looks like a massive eye gazing out of the ground. The name Víti means Hell which comes from the belief that hell was located under volcanoes. The most famous eruptions, the Mývatn fires, happened between 1724 and 1729. These eruptions were so high that people could see it from the other end of the country. Being rich in lava fields, Iceland is known as the greenest country in the world because of the ability to produce green energy from geothermal areas.  

Walk on the trail around Víti crater for 30 minutes to reach a hot spring. If you are interested to gather some information about this area then visit the Krafla Power station, the first power plant in Krafla is open in summer for visitors. You can learn more about the geothermal energy at this place. Take a short hike to reach Leirhnjúkur lava fields that is the best place to admire the colossal geothermal power of North Iceland. Get a glimpse of Lake Mývatn, Goðafoss Waterfall, Myvatn Nature Baths, Grjotagja Cave, Dimmuborgir black fortress, and Dettifoss waterfall, the most powerful waterfall in Europe, while exploring North Iceland.

Krafla crater in north Iceland

Reaching Krafla Crater

The Krafla lava field is located at a distance of about 485 kilometers from Reykjavik. It takes around 5 hours and 50 minutes to reach Krafla from Reykjavik. The fastest way to reach this volcanic field is by flight. You can take a flight from Reykjavik that takes 45 minutes to land at Akureyri. Drive for one and half hours on Ring Road to reach Krafla.

If you want to travel by public transport then board bus number 57 from Reykjavik to Akureyri. The journey will take around 7 hours to reach Akureyri. From here, you have to drive to Krafla. Drive clockwise on the Ring Road for one and a half hours until you see the signboard of Krafla. Take a turn towards the left to reach lava fields.

If you are planning to travel by your vehicle, drive on the Ring Road 1 to the north. Continue on this route for around 7 hours and 30 minutes to reach Krafla lava fields.

Though you can visit here during any month of the year, visiting in summer would make your journey comfortable. The roads and the hiking trails become slippery during winters. You can stay at the nearby towns to explore complete North Iceland on your weekend trip.

Krafla crater in north Iceland

Map of Krafla

Interesting locations in the area

Locations
Activities
Hotels & Restaurants

More Nearby Locations

Glaumbær turf houses in north Iceland

Glaumbær Turf Houses | Exploring the Turf Structures

gold fish pond in Húsavík north Iceland

The Geothermal Goldfish Pond in Husavik

Aldeyjarfoss waterfall in the northern highlands of Iceland

Aldeyjarfoss Waterfall – The Basalt Beauty of the North

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on email
Popular Articles

Volcanoes in Iceland | All you need to know about the Volcanoes in Iceland

Previous Next There is a reason why Iceland is called the ‘land of fire and ice’. Because on the ground-

Top Secret Locations in Iceland – Exploring the Undisclosed

This article will discuss the various hidden gems of Iceland which are top-secret and every bit worth paying a visit.

Glaciers of Iceland – Getting to Know the Mighty

Previous Next Every place, city, country, and even continent has that one special thing or place which can be seen

New Year’s Eve in Iceland

Iceland is initially popular for its natural beauty and landscapes. While the large sandy beaches, high peaks, and long-stretched glaciers

South Iceland Secret Locations

Previous Next South Iceland is probably the treasure chest of the land of ice and fire – filled with many

Top Summer Activities in Iceland

Previous Next With its unimaginably beautiful sights, exotic Nordic culture, volcanoes, glaciers, waterfalls, craters, hot springs, geysers, rivers, beaches, and
Most Popular Tours
0 Reviews
0.0/5

Volcano Tour – Geldingadalur Erupting volcano

0 Reviews
0.0/5

Crystal Ice Cave & Northern Lights | Day Tour from Reykjavik

0 Reviews
0.0/5

Northern Lights Super Jeep

0 Reviews
0.0/5

Golden Circle & Northern Lights

0 Reviews
0.0/5

South Coast & Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon

Most Popular things to do in Iceland

Northern Lights Hunting

Ice Caving

Sightseeing

Hiking

Snowmobile

Whale Watching / Puffins

Glacier Hiking

Horse Riding

Hot Spring Bathing

Top Attractions in Iceland

Seljalandsfoss

Reynisfjara

Gullfoss

Skaftafell

Skógafoss

Jökulsárlón

Þórsmörk

Kirkjufell

Reykjavik

Blue Lagoon

Explore Iceland by Region

Golden Circle

South Iceland

Snaefellsnes

West Iceland

East Iceland

North Iceland

Westfjords

Highlands

Reykjanes

Hidden Gems